Институт Фрэзера в своем докладе-разборе "Четвертого обзора IPCC" пишет об этой своеобразной этике весьма деликатно и сдержанно:

The IPCC involves numerous experts in the preparation of its reports. However, chapter authors are frequently asked to summarize current controversies and disputes in which they themselves are professionally involved, which invites bias. Related to this is the problem that chapter authors may tend to favor their own published work by presenting it in a prominent or flattering light. Nonetheless the resulting reports tend to be reasonably comprehensive and informative. Some research that contradicts the hypothesis of greenhouse gas-induced warming is under-represented, and some controversies are treated in a one-sided way, but the reports still merit close attention.

A more compelling problem is that the Summary for Policymakers, attached to the IPCC Report, is produced, not by the scientific writers and reviewers, but by a process of negotiation among unnamed bureaucratic delegates from sponsoring governments. Their selection of material need not and may not reflect the priorities and intentions of the scientific community itself. Consequently it is useful to have independent experts read the underlying report and produce a summary of the most pertinent elements of the report.

Finally, while the IPCC enlists many expert reviewers, no indication is given as to whether they disagreed with some or all of the material they reviewed. In previous IPCC reports many expert reviewers have lodged serious objections only to find that, while their objections are ignored, they are acknowledged in the final document, giving the impression that they endorsed the views expressed therein.


А вот на сайте Junk Science, где выложили пиратскую копию, так сказать, почти-окончательного варианта доклада Первой рабочей группы ("Second-order draft"), об этом написали проще и прозрачнее:

Despite the exhortation: "PLEASE DO NOT CITE, QUOTE, OR DISTRIBUTE THE DRAFT REPORT" we feel we have been left with no choice by the bizarre actions of the IPCC. What kind of "science" distributes a summary and then withholds the underlying report for a further three months editing to make it concur with the already distributed summary? Don't believe it? Neither did we but the plain language statement of intent is here (search for "grammatical" -- it's on page 4 of 15) and the original IPCC procedures document is (was) here -- in their words:

"Changes (other than grammatical or minor editorial changes) made after acceptance by the Working Group or the Panel shall be those necessary to ensure consistency with the Summary for Policymakers or the Overview Chapter."

Surely science has not degenerated to the point that research must now conform to pre-released summaries, even in the purely political IPCC.

If climate change is supposed to be such an urgent problem then what possible justification can there be for hiding the supporting evidence? We can think of none and, after some agonizing (we most assuredly do not want the draft review process to become any more secretive than it already is), we have decided to make the draft publicly available so that you can decide for yourselves whether the much-leaked hysterics of recent weeks truly represent the best available research and opinion.


(за последний линк - спасибо юзеру [livejournal.com profile] shkrobius)

P.S. Ниже юзер [livejournal.com profile] vasja_iz_aa обращает внимание, что цитата из доклада IPCC, приведенная в предисловии к http://www.junkscience.com/draft_AR4 , помещена в такой контекст, что позволяет увидеть в ней больше того, что в ней содержится. Это не меняет общей оценки того факта, что выводы публикуются и рекламируются за полгода до базового текста, то есть без возможности сравнить их, но подтверждает ту истину, что критикуя чужие ошибки, надо быть исключительно аккуратным самому, чтобы не подставиться по мелочи и не дискредитировать собственную критику.
[livejournal.com profile] stas нашел линк на дивный постинг некоего блоггера "Devils Kitchen" - http://devilskitchen.me.uk/2006/10/miliblogger-saves-world-94.html

Этот блоггер сделал подборку цитат из алармистских публикаций на тему глобального изменения климата, но только не нынешних, а 70-х годов. Цитаты вот такие:
Meteorologists disagree about the cause and extent of the cooling trend… But they are almost unanimous in the view that the trend will reduce agricultural productivity for the rest of the century.
Peter Gwynne, Newsweek, April 28, 1975.
[T]he threat of the new ice age must now stand alongside nuclear war as a likely source of wholesale death and misery for mankind.
Nigel Calder, International Wildlife, July, 1975.
The cooling has already killed hundreds of thousands of people in poor nations… If it continues, and no strong measures are taken to deal with it, the cooling will cause world famine, world chaos, and probably world war, and this could all come by the year 2000.
Lowell Ponte, The Cooling, 1976.
The continued rapid cooling of the earth since World War II is also in accord with the increased global air pollution associated with industrialisation, mechanisation, urbanisation and an exploding population.
Reid Bryson, Global Ecology: Readings Towards A Rational Strategy For Man, 1971.
An increase by only a factor of four in global aerosol background concentration may be sufficient to reduce the surface temperature by as much as 3.5 degrees Kelvin… sufficient to trigger an ice-age.
Dr S I Rasool and Dr S H Schneider, Science, July 9, 1971.
В общем, как ни кинь - всюду клин. Не понос, так золотуха. Мы обречены.
Последний всплеск этой истории в ЖЖ произошел несколько дней назад. Юзер [livejournal.com profile] increp объявил, что юзер [livejournal.com profile] mashats открыла новое коммьюнити, посвященное вопросам климатологии, демонстративно названное [livejournal.com profile] climate101.
длинно, нудно и малоинтересно )

Antarctic Ice Sheet Is Melting Rapidly
New Study Warns Of Rising Sea Levels

By Juliet Eilperin
Washington Post Staff Writer
Friday, March 3, 2006; A01

The Antarctic ice sheet is losing as much as 36 cubic miles of ice a year in a trend that scientists link to global warming, according to a new paper that provides the first evidence that the sheet's total mass is shrinking significantly.

The new findings, which are being published today in the journal Science, suggest that global sea level could rise substantially over the next several centuries.
Read more... )
Российские академики не изменили свою позицию по Киотскому протоколу
Read more... )

Science academies back Kyoto
Read more... )
Картинка из самого главного ооновского доклада, из которого и вырос Киотский протокол - http://www.ipcc.ch

Figure 3.2: Variations in atmospheric CO2 concentration on different time-scales. (a) Direct measurements of atmospheric CO2 concentration (Keeling and Whorf, 2000), and O2 from 1990 onwards (Battle et al., 2000). O2 concentration is expressed as the change from an arbitrary standard. (b) CO2 concentration in Antarctic ice cores for the past millenium (Siegenthaler et al., 1988; Neftel et al., 1994; Barnola et al., 1995; Etheridge et al., 1996). Recent atmospheric measurements at Mauna Loa (Keeling and Whorf, 2000) are shown for comparison. (c) CO2 concentration in the Taylor Dome Antarctic ice core (Indermühle et al., 1999). (d) CO2 concentration in the Vostok Antarctic ice core (Petit et al., 1999; Fischer et al., 1999). (e) Geochemically inferred CO2 concentrations, from Pagani et al. (1999a) and Pearson and Palmer (2000). (f) Geochemically inferred CO2 concentrations: coloured bars represent different published studies cited by Berner (1997). The data from Pearson and Palmer (2000) are shown by a black line. (BP = before present.)

Конечно, самая интересная из картинок - это картинка d). Правда, там несколько туманно разъясняется, о каких периодах идет речь - но в русском тексте доклада (он доступен только в pdf) эта же картинка сопровождается пояснением, что речь идет о тысячах лет, а ноль соответствует нашему времени - то есть по абсциссе отсчитываются сто тысяч лет назад, двести тысяч и т.д. Соответственно, картинки e) и f) - это миллионы лет назад.

Забавно, кстати, что на картинке b) наложены данные совершенно разной природы - замеры льда и замеры атмосферы, и именно замеры атмосферы дают загибон в самой правой части картинки, искусственно изображая этот загибон как продолжение линии замеров льда.
Climate Change - http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/climat/home_en.htm

Conferences of the Parties to the Convention on Climate Change (COP) (по седьмую включительно) - http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/climat/cop.htm

(кстати, OPEC COP Statements - http://www.opec.org/NewsInfo/COP_Statements/COP9_2003.htm)

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - http://www.ipcc.ch

Union of Concerned Scientists, global warming - http://www.ucsusa.org/global_environment/global_warming
Fact vs. Fiction on Climate Change - http://www.ucsusa.org/global_environment/global_warming/page.cfm?pageID=498



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